Situated atop the Colorado Plateau, the Four Comers region features the only point in the
United States where four state boundaries touch. The Navajo Nation encompasses much of the region's mesas and buttes, while the San Juan River meanders through the far northeast corner. For information about hiking or camping on the Navajo Nation, visit www.navajo-nsn.gov.
Chaco Culture National Historical Park is a main attraction in the region. The site contains more than
4,000 prehistoric ruins of structures built by the Ancestral Pueblo, a people who mysteriously vanished centuries ago. The park's campground fills up quickly during summer, so plan to arrive early. Extensive trails wind through the excavated structures, and there are four backcountry trails. Visit www.nps.gov/chcu.
Northwest of Chaco lies Angel Peak Scenic Area, a distinct landmark that rises from an ancient seabed to form contemporary "badlands." Camping, hiking and picnicking are permitted. For information, visit www.blm.gov/nm/Angel_Peak.html.
Farther north you'll find Navajo Lake State Park, the second largest park in the state and world renowned for its trout fishing. It offers a wide variety of camping and hiking spots. Visit www.nmparks.com.
To the south, don't miss EI Malpais National Conservation Area, www.blm.gov/nm/el_malpais.html, and EI Malpais National Monument, www.nps.gov/elma, managed by the National Park Service. The black, rugged remnants of 3 million years of volcanic eruptions carpet a widespread area. Trails and primitive campsites are available at both locations.
At 13,161 feet, Wheeler Peak highlights this region in which the hiking and camping opportunities are almost innumerable. The Carson and Santa Fe national forests are located in this region along with the Pecos Wilderness. Together they cover 3.1 million acres and offer more than 1,300 miles of trails and 63 campgrounds. Contact the Carson National Forest, www.fs.usda.gov/carson, or the Santa Fe National Forest, www.fs.usda.gov/santafe/.
Within the Santa Fe National Forest are the Sangre de Cristo Mountains and the volcanic Jemez Mountains, which both provide the largest number of hiking trails and campgrounds in the state. Hyde Memorial State Park, just outside of Santa Fe, and the surrounding national forest provide the perfect hiking/camping combination, offering miles of trails and primitive and developed campsites just minutes from the capitol city. Visit www.nmparks.com.
Bandelier National Monument, near Los Alamos, is an educational day trip into the Jemez Mountains. On paved hiking trails, you can explore ancient cliff dwellings and kivas, or hike into the rugged backcountry and wilderness. There is also a campground located within the monument. Visit www.nps.gov/band.
To the north, in the Chama Valley, EI Vado Lake and Heron Lake state parks are connected by a five-and-one-half mile trail along the Rio Chama. Scenic cliffs rise on either side of the spectacular canyon. Both parks offer campgrounds. Visit www.nmparks.com.
Within the eastern flanks of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, hiking trails and camping opportunities abound in both the Carson and Santa Fe national forests, and in Cimarron Canyon State Park, www.nmparks.com, which features stunning palisade cliffs, excellent wildlife viewing opportunities, and areas for camping and hiking. The adjacent Colin Neblett State Wildlife Area, www.nmparks.com, provides additional wildlife viewing, as does the Las Vegas National Wildlife Refuge, www.fws.gov/southwest/refuges/newmex/lasvegas
As you journey east, the mountains slope down into wide-open high plains. Most of the eastern corridor of the state comprises the western edge of the nation's Great Plains. As much of the northeast region is private land, there are few trails, but you'll find plenty of campgrounds near lakes and rivers. Among them are the Clayton Lake, Conchas Lake, Ute Lake and Santa Rosa Lake state parks, www.nmparks.com.
Bordering Texas and Mexico, this corner of New Mexico contains the most diverse combination of landscapes in the state. From the incredibly beautiful white gypsum sand dunes at White Sands National Monument, www.nps.gov/whsa, to the towering Sacramento Mountains to the world's most extensive subterranean cave system at Carlsbad Caverns National Park, www.nps.gov/cave, southeastern New Mexico's diversity is awe-inspiring. BLM lands cover much of the area, providing many hiking and camping options.
Valley of Fires National Recreation Area is a BLM area with a large part of the Carrizozo Malpais, the youngest lava flow in the continental United States. There is a campsite and hiking trail that winds across the jagged, black landscape. Visit www.blm.gov/nm/st/valley_of_fires
Both birthplace and final resting place of the famous "Smokey Bear,” the Lincoln National Forest encompasses 1.1 million acres across the Capitan, Sacramento and Guadalupe mountains, and includes two wilderness areas. Visit www.fs.usda.gov/lincoln. In this same mountainous area lies the Mescalero Apache Reservation, where camping, fishing and hunting are permitted by fee. Visit http://innofthemountaingods.com/.
The mountainous Gila National Forest covers 3.3 million acres in this region, making it the largest national forest in New Mexico. Within it reside the Aldo Leopold, Blue Range and Gila wilderness areas. In 1924, the Gila became the nation's first land tract set aside as a wilderness, preserved as a primitive area by prohibiting motorized vehicles and other strict regulations. Far from metropolitan areas, this forest offers hundreds of miles of streams, over 20 campgrounds and more than 1,500 miles of trails. Visit www.fs.usda.gov/gila.
Campgrounds and hiking are also available in several mountain areas in the southern part of Cibola National Forest, just north of the Gila. Visit www.fs.usda.gov/cibolafor information about the Magdalena, San Mateo, Bear, Gallinas, Datil, Crosby and Sawtooth mountains.
A must-see area, especially from November to March, is the Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge, just south of Socorro along the Rio Grande. Camping is not permitted, but hiking will provide you with remarkable views of waterfowl and other diverse bird species that winter in the wetlands. Visit www.fws.gov/southwest/refuges/newmex/bosque/.
If geology is your area of interest, City of Rocks State Park, near Deming, is the place for you. Known to exist in only six other places on Earth, these incredible rock formations resemble the mysterious Stonehenge structures in England. They are the latest result of volcanic ash sculpted by wind and water throughout the last 30 million years. Impressive cactus gardens complement the campground. Visit www.nmparks.com.
Located on the rugged western slopes of the Florida Mountains, Rockhound State Park takes its name from the abundant gems and minerals found there. Visitors are allowed to take up to 15 pounds of rocks home with them. Hiking trails offer scenic views of the area and there is a spacious campground. Visit www.nmparks.com.
While in the area, drive south to the historical Pancho Villa State Park. An interpretive trail takes you to old buildings and other sites that remind of Mexican Gen. Francisco "Pancho" Villa's 1916 raid on the tiny border town of Columbus, the last armed invasion of the continental United States. There are extensive exhibits, plans for a new museum, a desert botanical garden and campground. Visit www.nmparks.com.
New Mexico's largest city, Albuquerque, dominates the central region of the state. Even though it is a metropolitan area, it's still possible to find peaceful camping and hiking in the nearby Sandra and Manzano mountains. The Cibola National Forest and two of its wilderness areas cover the majority of these majestic mountain ranges. The rocky western face of the Sandia Mountains rises to a peak of 10,678 feet in elevation; the gradual eastern slopes are pine and fir covered. You can make the steep hike up La Luz Trail from the city limits on the western side, or approach the crest on one of many trails emerging from the sloped eastern side. A popular stop is the Manzano Mountain Wilderness with many hiking possibilities and several area campgrounds. Visit www.usda.gov/detail/cibola. Manzano Mountains State Park, www.nmparks.com, is a small seasonal park (Apr.-Oct.) with beautiful views, hiking and camping.
One of the more popular state parks is the Rio Grande Nature Center State Park, www.nmparks.com, located along the river amongst the bosque's plentiful cottonwood trees. Just minutes from downtown Albuquerque, wintering waterfowl stop here and hikers enjoy the solitude of nature trails that wind beneath the cool canopy of trees along the water's edge.
There are numerous privately owned campgrounds in New Mexico, and information about these can be obtained from local chambers of commerce. RV facilities are limited on federally managed public lands, but nearly all of New Mexico's state parks can accommodate them. Visit