National Parks in New Mexico

New Mexico's national parks and monuments offer a wide variety of outdoor and educational experiences. There are dormant volcanoes, ancient lava flows, ice caves, fossil sites, archeological digs, and unique geology just waiting to be explored.

National Parks in New Mexico

“...New Mexico's national parks and monuments offer a wide variety of outdoor and educational experiences.”

National Parks:

Carlsbad Caverns National Park - Gigantic subterranean chambers and formations and are home to 300,000 Mexican free-tail bats who reside in the Caverns from the spring until October.

Chaco Canyon National Historic Park - A major center of Ancestral Puebloan culture, Chaco Canyon was a hub of ceremony, trade and administration for the prehistoric Four Corners area.

Pecos National Historical Park - The ruins of the ancient 15th century Pueblo of Pecos and the remains of two Spanish missions are contained in the park, located in a landmark area on the Santa Fe Trail.

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National Monuments in New Mexico

“...National monuments can be found across New Mexico, from the Four Corners to the Boot Heel.”

New Mexico Monuments & Trails

National monuments can be found across New Mexico, from the Four Corners to the Boot Heel. Below is a list of National Monuments in New Mexico.

Aztec Ruins National Monument - The Aztec Ruins National Monument in northwest New Mexico preserves structures and artifacts of Ancestral Pueblo people from the 1100s through 1200s.

Bandelier National Monument - Head into the extensive back country in north-central New Mexico to hike, camp, and explore at leisure the lands and dwellings once occupied by the ancestors of present-day Pueblo Indians.

Capulin Volcano National Monument - Mammoths, giant bison, and short-faced bears traversed this territory in what is now northeast New Mexico around the time the volcano was formed.

El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail - El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail ran from northeast New Mexico to Mexico City. It is a part of the United States National Trails system.

El Malpais National Monument - El Malpais—the Badlands—in northwest New Mexico have a diverse volcanology of lava flows and associated features dating from 115,000 to 2,000 years old.

El Morro National Monument - A reliable waterhole hidden at its base made El Morro (or Inscription Rock) a popular campsite in western New Mexico. Beginning in the late 1500s, Spanish, and later, Americans passed by El Morro.

Fort Union National Monument - As a key stopover point for travelers along the Old Santa Fe Trail, Fort Union in northeastern New Mexico was witness to countless expeditions, Indian raids and commercial gatherings during its short but storied existence.

Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument - Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument in southwestern New Mexico offers a glimpse of the homes and lives of the people of the Mogollón culture who lived in the Gila Wilderness from the 1280s through the early 1300s.

Old Spanish National Historic Trail - The Old Spanish Trail is a historic trade route which connected the northern New Mexican settlement of Santa Fe with that of Los Angeles in California.

Organ Mountains – Desert Peaks National Monument - The Monument includes 496,330 acres, and was established to protect significant prehistoric, historic, geologic, and biologic resources of scientific interest. The National Monument includes four distinct areas: the Organ Mountains, Desert Peaks, Potrillo Mountains, and Doña Ana Mountains.

Organ Mountains – Desert Peaks National Monument

Petroglyph National Monument - The Petroglyph National Monument west of Albuquerque in central New Mexico protects a variety of cultural and natural resources including five volcanic cones, hundreds of archeological sites and an estimated 25,000 images carved by Native Americans and early Spanish settlers.

Rio Grande del Norte national Monument - The monument includes approximately 242,500 acres of public land managed by the Bureau of Land Management. The landscape is comprised of rugged, wide open plains at an average elevation of 7,000 feet, dotted by volcanic cones, and cut by steep canyons with rivers tucked away in their depths. 

Rio Grande del Norte national Monument:

Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument - Once, thriving American Indian trade communities of Tiwa- and Tompiro-speaking Puebloans inhabited this remote frontier area of central New Mexico. Early in the 17th-century, Spanish Franciscans found the area ripe for their missionary efforts.

Santa Fe National Historic Trail - The Santa Fe Trail was a historic 19th century transportation route across southwestern North America, connecting Missouri with Santa Fe, New Mexico.

White Sands National Monument - Great wave-like dunes of gypsum sand have engulfed 275 square miles of desert and have created the world's largest gypsum dune field, located in southwest New Mexico.

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