The Gila Lower Box Canyon is a true oasis in the desert, 20 miles north of Lordsburg, New Mexico. Since livestock were removed from the river canyon in 1990, a lush thicket of cottonwood, willows, and other riparian vegetation have taken over. The area provides some of the best birding opportunities in New Mexico. Home to approximately 200 species, it has one of the highest bird diversities in the state. This area is managed by the Bureau of Land Management. The area provides habitat to many rare and unusual birds including Bell's vireo, peregrine, bald eagle (in winter), golden eagle, black hawk, zone-tail hawk, Grey hawk, yellow-billed cuckoo, Gila wood pecker, and Abert's towhee. The river provides opportunities for canoeing or rafting during spring runoff, hunting, and year-round fishing and dispersed camping. The river contains smallmouth bass and several species of catfish. There are no fees at this area, and also no facilities.